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承租人享有房屋优先购买权
日期:2018年8月6日 浏览[]

张在市区拥有一个店面。2008,张把店租给了李,每月租金12000元,租期5年。双方签订租赁合同,同意仲裁由泉州仲裁委员会仲裁。


去年5月,由于经济困难,张试图把店卖给王。王向李提出,因为他是一个新房东,要重新签合同,要求每月租金高达15000元。李相信他已经签署了一份5年的合同,合同还没有到期,他不同意提高租金。王向泉州仲裁委员会提出解除租赁合同的仲裁请求。在提起诉讼的过程中,李提出了单独的仲裁请求,要求仲裁庭确定张和王之间出售房屋的合同无效。仲裁庭经三人同意后,应当合并案件。李认为他是承租人,有优先购买权。张未经同意就把商店卖给了王。


仲裁庭调解后,李撤回了租赁合同无效的仲裁请求。经友好协商,双方重新签订租赁合同。


案例审查:根据《合同法》第第二百三十条“出租人出售租赁房屋,应当在出售前合理期限内通知承租人,承租人有权在同等条件下购买。”在这种情况下,张确实享有优先购买权。此外,根据《合同法》第二百二十九条,“租赁期间租赁物的变更不影响租赁合同的效力”。因此,尽管王牟在这起案件中成为了新房主,但在张之前签署的合同在法律上对王牟法仍然有效。


Zhang owns a storefront in the downtown area. In 2008, Zhang leased the store to Lee, with a monthly rent of 12000 yuan and a lease term of 5 years. The two parties sign the lease contract and agree that the dispute shall be arbitrated by the Quanzhou Arbitration Commission.


In May last year, Zhang was trying to sell the store to Wang because of financial difficulties. Wang put forward to Li, because he is a new landlord, to re sign the contract, asking to rent up to 15000 yuan per month. Li believes he has signed a 5 year contract and the contract has not yet expired, and he does not agree to raise the rent. Wang submitted an arbitration request to the Quanzhou Arbitration Commission for the lifting of the lease contract. In the course of responding to the lawsuit, Li filed a separate arbitration request, asking the arbitration tribunal to determine that the contract for the sale of houses between Zhang and Wang was invalid. The arbitral tribunal shall amalgamate the case after the consent of the three parties. Li thinks he is the lessee and has the preemptive right. Zhang sells the store to Wang without his consent.


After the mediation of the arbitration tribunal, Lee withdrew the arbitration claim that the lease contract was invalid. After friendly negotiation, the two sides re signed the lease contract.


Case review: according to the 230th article of the contract law "the lessor sells the leased house, it should notify the lessee within a reasonable time limit before the sale, and the lessee has the right to buy it on the same condition". Zhang did enjoy the right of preemption in the case of the case. In addition, according to the 229th article of "contract law", "leasehold property changes during the lease does not affect the validity of the lease contract". Therefore, although Wang Mou in this case becomes a new owner of the house, the contract signed before Zhang is still legally effective for Wang Moufa.


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